雅思考试Task1写作常识:data的具体表达法

 data的具体表达法


  data在某一个时间段固定不变:fixed in time


  在一系列的时间段中转变:changes over time


  持续变化的data在不同情况下:


  增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ...


  减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ...


  波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ...


  稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ...


  最常用的两种表达法:


  动词 + 副词形式(Verb+Adverb form)


  形容词 + 名词形式(Adjective+Noun form)


  1. Verb+Adverb form


  The number of XXX


  +increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuate...


  +insignificantly/significantly/slightly/suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/sharply/steeply/steadily/gradually/slowly...


  +from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)


  2. Adjective+Noun form


  There was a (very) sudden/rapid/dramatic/significant/sharp/steep/steady/gradual/slow/slight


  +increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuation (注意:上述很多词不可用于修饰fluctuation)


  +in the number of XXX from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)


  描述稳定的data:


  The number of XXX remained steady/stable from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)


  The number of XXX stayed the same from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)


  There was little change / hardly any change / no change in the number of XXX from from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)


  描述不同状态的data


  Noun form:


  steady drop / sharp rise peak / dramatic fall / sharp drop


  Verbal form:


  (to) bottom out / (to) reach the bottom / (to) increase gradually / (to) reach a plateau / (to) remain steady


  描述the highest point以及the lowest point


  高点极值:


  The monthly profit / The figures / The situation ...


  +peaked in (月份/年) <准确时间点用at XXX> at XXX% / XXX(极点data)


  或者reached a peak / a high point at XXX% / XXX(极点data)


  低点极值:


  XXX bottomed out / reached


  +rock / the bottom / a low point


  或者hit a trough


  此外,在描述过程中还有很多的conjunctional words/sentences,最常用的固定搭配如下:


  并列: as well as(句首/中), also, as well(句尾), either, neither, too, moreover, furthermore, in addition, additionally, besides, what's more, apart from ...


  举例: for example, for instance, to illustrate, as an illustration, in particular, particularly, especially


  事实: as a matter of fact, in fact, actually, as long as, so long as ...


  雷同/近似:similarly, likewise(句首/尾), at the same time, equally ...


  转折: however, whereas, nevertheless, nonetheless, though, although, even though, while, yet, on the contrary, contrarily, in contrast, conversely, on the other hand, unlikely, in stead (of), in spite of, despite of ...



文章来源:雅思中国网 http://www.ieltschn.com 
转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章 原始出处 、作者信息和本声明。
[AD] 点击此处了解【雅思合集】【学习计划定制】【终生VIP服务】
【新手必备】雅思考试流程及评分标准大盘点!
不知道这些常识,你敢说了解雅思阅读吗?
雅思阅读常识:文章来源类型结构要掌握
赴澳留学花样多 雅思成绩不可少