雅思考试写作基本功最全展示

        第一,使用不同的词汇
  a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。
   important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,
   think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out, feel
   nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days
  b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。
   n. → v.
   Eg:When we look at a comparison between A and B…
   When we compareA and B…
   Adj. → n.
   There are a variety of solutions to the problem.
   There are various solutions to the problem.
  c. 使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。
   because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for
   but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas
   so → therefore, hence, thus, consequently
  d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。
   Eg: not as easy as…→ more difficult than…
   Not uncommon→ common
   The cheapest → the least expensive
  第二,使用不同的句型
  a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。
   Eg: For many years, people have believed ….
   →People believed … for many years.
   After this program has been solved, … can continue.
  b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换
   Eg: Trained scientists performedthis research.
   →This research was performed by trained scientists.
  c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。
   Eg: Several computer programs can be used to solve this problem.
   →There are several computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.
   或 There are several computer programs used to solve this problem.
  d. 定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换
   Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologistsin 2004, shows that…
   →Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…
   Eg: This…, which is one of the most powerful … in the world, has…
   →This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…
  接下来,Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。
  a. According to+noun.
   Eg: According to the passage/lecture/author/professor,…
  b. Subject+verbs of reporting +that clause
   Eg: The author tells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/points out/thinks/believes that ...
   或 The speaker agrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view ...
  c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in the passage/lecture,...
  最后,Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。
  a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary
  b.Transitional words showing addition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well


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