雅思阅读5大类型信号词汇总

剑桥4-11阅读中出现的与考点相关的关键词根据其所表达的逻辑关系可分成八大类,分别是表顺接和递进,表对比和转折,表相似,表排列次序,表强调作用,表最高级.比较级,表因果关系,表举例子和说明。

雅思阅读5大类型信号词汇总图1

一、顺接和递进

例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom… (C6, P28, Q31找标题)  解析:And在这句话开头,有一定的递进含义,this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话出现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的知识),所以这两句话有紧密的联系,同学们在读题的时候要通过发现信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最后把考点考察的 意思补充完整。

二、对比和转折

例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison, while

考点:But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. (C7 P24 Q20)  解题:此题是段落大意配对题,在确定H段段落大意时,段落中间but之后出现的那句话就是解题的关键,根据句子中出现的两个比较级,可以确定答案应该为X The need to raise standards.

考点:While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanove and his associates. (C7 P27 倒数第二段 Q39, 40)

解析:段首句用while引起注意,我们可以根据success, 和后半句中的few teachers, spectacular results, 搞定最后两个填空题。

三、相似

例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …  考点: Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.(C4, P28, Q40)

解析:题目考的是对文章的总结。因此解题时重点看文章中表示结论的句子,thus这个单词给了我们提示,而句子中的as...do表达的是一个相似的逻辑,因此答案可以确定为B。

四、排列次序

例词:firstly, second, another, the second, the most, the best, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…  考点:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world i an objective and impersonal way,... (C5, P49, Q30-31)  解析:题目30-31考的是并列和否定的逻辑关系,原文中的first, second, 对应的就是题目中的neither...nor...这个并列关系,这两题的答案就迎刃而解了。

五、强调作用

例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates… (C5, P21, Q18 信息包含题)

解析:信息包含题考察细节是在哪个段落出现,在做此类题目时,要注意信号词与考点的密切相关性,从而迅速找准答案。

这里出现了in essence(实质上),起了一定的强调作用,迅速扫读后,发现同时出现了题目关键词sociobiology, 破折号后面的介词to表目的,与题目中的the general aim of一致对应。


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