词汇和表达:关于雅思小作文

亲爱的雅思班同学们你们好,下面是你们会经常用到的雅思小作文词汇和表达方式,希望大家下载之后可以根据我的归类来记忆,早点把鸭子烤熟哦!


  雅思小作文所使用的词汇和表达


  1、趋势类词汇


  上升动词类: increase, go up, rise up, grow up, jump up, surge, shoot up, keep an upward tendency
  下降动词类: decrease, go down, decline, fall down, drop, sink, dip, keep a downward tendency
  波动动词类: fluctuate
  持平动词类: remain the same, stabilize, remain stable, remain constant
  修饰动词的副词: slightly 轻微地, slowly 缓慢地, gradually 逐渐地, steadily 稳定地, rapidly 迅速地, moderately 温和地, 轻微地, significantly 明显地, sharply 明显地, dramatically急剧地, drastically 急剧地
  上升名词类: increase, rise, growth, jump, surge
  下降名词类: decrease, decline, fall, reduction, drop
  波动名词类: fluctuation
  修饰名词的形容词: slight, slow, gradual, steady, rapid, moderate, significant, sharp, dramatic, drastic


  2、极值类词汇和表达


  最高点: reach the peak/top/highest point
  Increase to the peak/top/highest point(所有上升类的动词都可以替换掉increase)
  最低点: reach the bottom/lowest point
  drop to the bottom/lowest point(所有下降类的动词都可以替换掉drop)
  占的最多: occupy/make up/take up/account for the largest proportion/number/percentage of …
  占的最少: occupy/make up/take up/account for the smallest proportion/number/percentage of…


  3、倍数的表达方式


  Double 是两倍/大一倍
  Increase/decrease three times 增长/减少了三倍


  4、大约的表达方式


  About/around + 数字
  数字 + or so
  Approximately + 数字


  5、常用的小作文的趋势句式表达


  句式一: 变化主体/图画中主体+趋势动词+副词+时间区间
  Eg: The number of aged people over 65 increased significantly from 1940-2000.
  The number of aged people over 65 dropped slightly from 1960-1980.
  The number of aged people over 65 fluctuated between 1 million and 1.2 million from 1940-1950.
  The number of aged people over 65 remained stable from 1930-1940.
  句式二: There be + 形容词 + 表示趋势的名词 + in+ 变化的主体+ 时间区间
  Eg: There was an significant increase in the number of aged people over 65 from 1940-2000.
  There was a slight decline in the number of aged people over 65 from 1960-1980.
  There was a fluctuation between 1 million and 1.2 million from 1940-1950.


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