雅思考试分类词汇:教育常用词汇

  基本框架 basic framework
  办学效益 efficiency in school management
  协调发展 coordinated and balanced program of development
  教育投入 input in education
  优化教师队伍 optimize the teaching staff
  实行分区规划 practice regional planning
  社会参与 communal participation
  新增劳动力 incoming labor force
  职前教育 pre-service education
  岗位培训 undergo job-specific training
  提高......的思想品德 enhance the moral awareness of ...
  职业道德 professional ethics
  重点学科 key disciplinary areas or priority fields of study
  (大学)专科 Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs
  扫盲班 literacy class
  注册人数 enrollment
  年龄段(层)age bracket
  反复灌输 inculcate
  希望工程 Project Hope
  学龄儿童 school-ager
  人才枯竭 exhaustion of human resources
  辍/失学青少年 school dropout/lexdyer
  基金会 foundation
  服务性行业 service trade
  在职培训 on-the-job/in-service training
  国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization
  基础科学 the fundamentals
  学分制 the credit system
  三学期制 the trimester system
  双学士制 a double BA degree system
  主副修制 a system of a major field of specialization plus a minor field
  教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching,research, and production
  三结合联合体 tripartite complex
  定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers
  包分配 guarantee job assignments
  燎原计划 the Prairie Fire Program
  示范试点 demonstration pilot project
  结合、使加入 incorporate
  动员 mobilize
  税收 tax revenue
  多学科的 multi-disciplinary
  重点大学 key university
  授予(学士)confer
  被授权 be authorized to do
  博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies
  专业 speciality
  爱国人士 patriotic personage
  国家发明奖 National Invention Prize
  国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences
  国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology
  学术 press conference
  国家教委主任 Chairman of the State Education Commission
  国家统计局 the State Statistical Bureau
  国家教育经费 national expenditure on education
  财政拨款 financial allocation
  半文盲 semiliterate; functional illiterate
  占百分比 account for ...%
  专任教师 full-time teacher
  资料中心 data center
  国际文化交流 intercultural communication
  教育方针 guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education
  教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。
  Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectual and physically.
  适应社会主义现代化建设需要,面向二十一世纪,具有中国特色的社会主义教育体系。
  a socialist education system with distinct Chinese characteristics that meets the needs of socialist modernization and is oriented to the 21st century
  坚持社会主义方向
  to keep to the socialist orientation
  身体好,学习好,工作好。Keep fit, study hard and work well.
  德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability
  成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的劳动者 to become working people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline
  教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来
  Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future
  爱国主义教育 education in patriotism
  国际主义教育 education in international
  集体主义教育 education in collectivism
  共产主义教育 education in communism
  共产主义道德品质 communist ethics
  政治思想教育 political and ideological education
  五爱(爱祖国、爱人民、爱劳动、爱科学、爱护公物)
  "Five Love": love the motherland, the people, labor, and science and take good care of public property.
  教书育人 to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge
  培养独立分析问题和解决问题的能力
  to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently
  启发学生独立思考的能力
  to help develop the ability of the students to think things out for themselves
  培养学生自学能力
  to foster the students' ability to study on their own
  发挥学生主动性、创造性 to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness
  自学成才 to become educated through independent study
  启发式 elicitation method (of teaching); heuristic method
  填鸭式教学法 cramming/forced-feeding method of teaching
  普及教育 universal education

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