流体设备词汇(二)

1.4 法兰 Flange (FLG)
  
  整体管法兰 integral pipe flange
  钢管法兰 steel pipe flange
  螺纹法兰 threaded flange
  滑套法兰(包括平焊法兰) slip-on flange (SO); slip-on welding flange
  承插焊法兰 socket welding flange
  松套法兰 lap joint flange (LJF)
  对焊法兰 welding neckflange (WNF)
  法兰盖 blind flange, blind
  孔板法兰 orifice flange
  异径法兰 reducing flange
  盘座式法兰 pad type flange
  松套带颈法兰 loose hubbed flange
  焊接板式法兰 welding plate flange
  对焊环 welding neck collar (与stub end相似)
  平焊环 welding-on collar
  突缘短节 stub end, lap
  翻边端 lapped pipe end
  松套板式法兰 loose plate flange
  压力级 pressure rating, pressure rating class
  压力—温度等级 pressure-temperature rating
  法兰密封面,法兰面 flange facing
  突面 raised face (RF)
  凸面 male face (MF)
  凹面 female face (FMF)
  榫面 tongue face
  槽面 groove face
  环连接面 ring joint face
  全平面;满平面 flat face; full face (FF)
  光滑突面 smooth raised face (SRF)
  法兰面加工 facing finish
  粗糙度 roughness
  光滑的 smooth
  齿形 serrated
  均方根 root mean square (RMS)
  算术平均粗糙高度 arithmetical average roughness height (AARH)
  配对法兰 companion-flange
  螺栓圆 bolt circle (B.C.)
  
  1.5 垫片 Gasket (GSKT)
  
  垫片的型式 type of gasket
  平垫片 flat gasket
  环形平垫片 flat ring gasket
  平金属垫片 flat metal gasket
  夹棉织物的橡胶 elastomer with cotton fabric insertion
  夹石棉织物的橡胶 elastomer with asbestos fabric insertion
  夹石棉织物及金属丝加强的橡胶 elastomer with asbestos fabric insertion and with wire reinforcement
  无石墨压缩白石棉垫片 non graphited compressed white asbestos gasket
  天然白橡胶垫片 natural white rubber gasket
  压缩石棉垫片 compressed asbestos class gasket
  浸聚四氟乙烯的石棉垫片 PTFE impregnated asbestos gasket
  夹石棉的缠绕金属垫片 spiral-wound metal gasket with asbestos filler
  内环 inner ring
  外环,外定位环 outer ring
  波纹金属垫片 corrugated metal gasket
  波纹金属包嵌石棉垫片 corrugated metal gasket with asbestos inserted
  双夹套波纹金属包石棉垫片 corrugated metal double jacketed asbestos filled gasket
  双夹套垫片 double jacketed gasket
  金属包石棉平垫片 flat metal jacketed asbestos filled gasket
  整体金属齿形垫片 solid metal serrated gasket
  槽形金属垫片 grooved metal gasket
  环形连接金属垫片 ring joint metal gasket
  八角环形垫片 octagonal ring gasket
  椭圆环形垫片 oval ring gasket
  透镜式垫片 lens gasket
  非金属垫片 non-metallic gasket
  
  1.6 阀门 Valve
  
  1.6.1 阀门结构、零件
  
  阀轭 yoke
  外螺纹阀杆及阀轭 outside screw and yoke (OS & Y)
  阀杆 stem
  内螺纹 inside screw (IS)
  阀轭套 yoke sleeve
  阀杆环 stem ring
  阀座 valve seat (body seat)
  阀座环、密封圈 seat ring
  整体(阀)座 integral seat
  堆焊(阀)座 deposited seat
  阀芯(包括密封圈、杆等内件) trim
  阀盘 disc
  阀盘密封圈 disc seat
  阀体 body
  阀盖 bonnet
  阀盖衬套 bonnet bush
  螺纹阀帽 screw cap
  螺纹阀盖 screw bonnet
  螺栓连接的阀盖 bolted bonnet (BB)
  活接阀盖(帽) union bonnet (cap)
  螺栓连接的阀帽 bolted cap (BC)
  焊接阀盖 welded bonnet (WB)
  本体阀杆密封 body stem seal
  石棉安全密封 asbestos emenen seal
  倒密封 back seal
  压力密封的阀盖 pressure-tight bonnet
  动力操纵器 powered operator
  电动操纵器 electric motor operator
  气动操纵器 pneumatic operator
  液压操纵器 hydraulic operator
  快速操纵器 quick-acting operator
  滑动阀杆 sliding stem
  正齿轮传动 spur gear operated
  伞齿轮传动 bevel gear operated
  扳手操作 wrench operated
  链轮 chain wheel
  手轮 hand wheel
  手柄 hand lever (handle)
  气缸(或液压缸)操纵的 cylinder operated
  链条操纵的 chain operated
  等径孔道 full bore; full port
  异径孔道 reducing bore, reduced port,venturi port
  短型 short pattern
  紧凑型(小型) compact type
  笼式环 lantern ring
  压盖 gland
  阀杆填料 stem packing
  阀盖垫片 bonnet gasket
  升杆式(明杆) rising stem (RS)
  非升杆式(暗杆) non-rising stem (NRS)
  指示器/限位器 indicator/stopper
  注油器 grease injector
  可更换的阀座环 renewable seat ring
  
  1.6.2 常用阀
  
  (1)闸阀 gate valve
  平行双闸板 double disc parallel seat
  开口楔形闸板 split wedge
  挠性整体楔形闸扳 flexible solid wedge
  整体楔形闸板 solid wedge
  塞型闸阀 plug gate valve
  直通型闸阀 through conduit gate valve
  (2) 截止阀 globe valve
  球心型阀盘 globe type disc
  塞型阀盘 plug type disc
  可转动的阀盘 swivel disc
  (3) 节流闪阀 throttle valve
  针阀 needle valve
  (4) 角阀 angle valve
  (5) Y型阀(Y 型阀体截止阀) Y-valve (Y-body globe valve)
  (6) 球阀 ball valve
  三通球阀 3-way ball valve
  装有底轴的 trunnion mounted
  耐火型 fire safe type
  浮动球型 floating ball type
  防脱出阀杆 blowout proof stem
  (7) 蝶阀 butterfly valve
  对夹式(薄片型) wafer type
  凸耳式 lug type
  偏心阀板蝶阀 offset disc burerfly valve; eccentric butterfly valve
  斜阀盘蝶阀 canted disc butterfly valve
  连杆式蝶阀 link butterfly valve
  8) 柱塞阀 piston type valve
  (9) 旋塞阀 plug valve
  三通旋塞阀 three-way plug valve
  四通旋塞阀 four-way plug valve
  旋塞 cock
  衬套旋塞 sleeve cock
  (10) 隔膜阀 diaphragm valve
  橡胶衬里隔膜阀 rubber lined diaphragm valve
  直通式隔膜阀 straight way diaphragm valve
  堰式隔膜阀 weir diaphragm valve
  (11) 夹紧式胶管阀 pinch valve(用于泥浆、粉尘等)
  (12) 止回阀 check valve
  升降式止回阀 lift check valve
  旋启式止回阀 swing check valve, flap check valve
  落球式止回阀 ball check valve
  弹簧球式止回阀 spring ball check valve
  双板对夹式止回阀 dual plate wafer type check valve
  无撞击声止回阀 non-slam cheek valve
  底阀 foot valve
  切断式止回阀 stop check valve; non-return valve
  活塞式止回阀 piston check valve
  斜翻盘止回阀 tilting disc check valve
  蝶式止回阀 butterfly check valve
  
  1.6.3 其它用途的阀
  
  安全泄气阀 safety valve (SV)
  安全泄液阀 relief valve (RV)
  安全泄压阀 safety relief valve
  杠杆重锤式 lever and weight type
  引导阀操纵的安全泄气阀 pilot operated safety valve
  复式安全泄气阀 twin type safety valve
  罐底排污阀 flush-bottom tank valve
  电磁阀 solenoid valve, solenoid operated valve
  电动阀 electrically operated valve, electric-motor operated valve
  气动阀 pneumatic operated valve
  低温用阀 cryogenic service valve
  蒸汽疏水阀 steam trap
  机械式疏水阎 mechanical trap
  浮桶式疏水阀 open bucket trap, open top bucket trap
  浮球式疏水阀 float trap
  倒吊桶式疏水阀 inverted bucket trap
  自由浮球式疏水阀 loose float trap
  恒温式疏水阀 thermostatic trap
  金属膨胀式蒸汽疏水阀 metal expansion steam trap
  液体膨胀式蒸汽疏水阀 liquid expansion steam trap
  双金属膨胀式蒸汽疏水阀 bimetallic expansion steam trap
  压力平衡式恒温疏水阀 balanced pressure thermostatic trap
  热动力式疏水阀 thermodynamic trap
  脉冲式蒸汽疏水阀 impulse steam trap
  放气阀(自动放气阀) air vent valve (automatic air vent valve) (疏水阀用)
  平板式滑动闸阀 slab type sliding gate valve
  盖阀 flat valve
  换向阀 diverting valve, reversing valve
  热膨胀阀 thermo expansion valve
  自动关闭阀 self-closing gate valve
  自动排液阀 self-draining valve
  管道盲板阀 line-blind valve
  挤压阀 squeeze valve(用于泥浆及粉尘等)
  呼吸阀 breather valve
  风门、挡板 damper
  减压阀 pressure reducing valve, reducing valve
  控制阀 control valve
  膜式控制阀 diaphragm operated control valve
  执行机构 actuator
  背压调节阀 back pressure regulating valve
  差压调节阀 differential pressure regulating valve
  压力比例调节阀 pressure ratio regulating valve
  
  1.6.4 未指明结构(或阀型)的阀
  
  切断阀 block valve; shut-off valve; stop valve
  调节阀 regulating valve
  快开阀 quick opening valve
  快闭阀 quick closing valve
  隔断阀 isolating valve
  三通阀 three way valve
  夹套阔 jacketed valve
  非旋转式阀 non-rotary valve
  排污阀 blowdown valve
  集液排放阀 drip valve
  排液阀 drain valve
  放空阀 vent valve
  卸载阀 unloading valve
  排出阀 discharge valve
  吸入阀 suction valve
  多通路阀 multiport valve
  取样阀 sampling valve
  手动阀 hand-operated valve; manually operated valve
  锻造阀 forged valve
  铸造阀 cast valve
  (水)龙头 bibb; bib; faucet
  抽出液阀(小阀) bleed valve
  旁路阀 by-pass valve
  软管阀 hose valve
  混合阀 mixing valve
  破真空阀 vacuum breaker
  冲洗阀 flush valve
  第一道阀;根部阀 primary valve
  根部阀 root valve
  总管阀 header valve
  事故切断阀 emergency valve
  


文章来源于网络,如有侵权请联系我们,将会在第一时间处理
更多资讯可以关注微信公众号:IELTSIM。
[AD] 点击此处了解【雅思合集】【学习计划定制】【终生VIP服务】
7000雅思词汇用100个句子记完!
英语单词最常用的328个前缀后缀
雅思小作文中常用表达词汇
必考精华篇:2016年雅思听力词汇精选