流体设备词汇(三)

1.7 管道特殊件 Piping Specialty
  
  1.7.1 管道特殊件(组件)
  
  粗滤器 strainer
  过滤器 filter
  临时粗滤器(锥型) temporary strainer (cone type)
  y 型粗滤器 y-type strainer
  T型粗滤器 T-type strainer
  永久过滤器 permanent filter
  丝网粗滤器 gauze strainer
  洗眼器及淋浴器 eye washer and shower
  视镜 sight glass
  阻火器 flame arrester
  喷嘴;喷头 spray nozzle
  取样冷却器 sample cooler
  消声器 silencer
  膨胀节 expansion joint
  波纹膨胀节 bellow expansion joint
  单波 single bellow
  双波 double bellow
  多波 multiple bellow
  压力平衡式膨胀节 pressure balanced expansion
  带铰链膨胀节 hinged expansion joint
  轴向位移型膨胀节 axial movement type expansion joint
  自均衡膨胀节(外加强环)self-equalizing expansion joint
  带接杆膨胀节 tied expansion joint
  万向型膨胀节 universal type expansion joint
  球形补偿器 ball type expansion joint
  填函式补偿器 slip type (packed type) expansion joint
  单向滑动填料函补偿器 single actionpacked slip joint
  
  1.7.2 管道特殊元件Piping Special Element
  
  软管接头 hose connection (HC)
  快速接头 quick coupling
  金属软管 metal hose
  橡胶管 rubber hose
  挠性管 flexible tube
  鞍形补强板 reinforcing saddles
  补强板 reinforcement pad
  特殊法兰 special flange
  漏斗 funnel
  排液环 drip ring
  排液漏斗 drain funnel
  插板 blank
  垫环 spacer
  8字盲板 spectacle blind; figure 8 blind
  限流孔板 restriction orifice
  爆破片 rupture disk
  法兰盖贴面 protective disc
  费托立克接头 victaulic coupling
  
  1.8 端部连接 End Connection
  
  法兰端 flanged end
  坡口端 beveled end (BE)
  对焊端 butt welded end
  平端 plain end (PE)
  承插焊端 socket welding end
  螺纹端 threaded end (TE)
  承口 bell end
  焊接端 welding end
  法兰连接(接头) flanged joint
  对焊连接(接头) butt welded joint
  螺纹连接,管螺纹连接 threaded joint, pipe threaded joint
  锥管螺纹密封焊连接 seal-welded taper pipe threaded joint
  承插焊连接(接头) socket welded joint
  承插连接(接头) bell and spigot joint
  环垫接头 ring joint (RJ)
  万向接头 universal joint
  软钎焊连接(接头) soldered joint
  搭接接头,松套连接 lapped joint
  外侧厚度切斜角 bevel for outside thickncss
  内侧厚度切斜角 bevel for inside thickness
  内外侧厚度切斜角 bevel for combined thickness
  法兰式的 flanged (FLGD)
  对焊的 butt welded (BW)
  螺纹的 threaded (THD)
  承插焊的 socket welded (SW)
  小端为平的 small end plain (SEP)
  大端为平的 large end plain (LEP)
  两端平 both ends plain (BEP)
  小端带螺纹 small end thread (SET)
  大端带螺纹 large end thread (LET)
  两端带螺纹 both end thread (BET)
  一端带螺纹 one end thread (OET)
  支管连接 branch connection
  焊接支管 branch pipe welded directly to the run pipe
  
  
  2 管道用紧固件及螺纹
  
  2.1 紧固件
  
  螺栓 bolt
  六角头螺栓 hexagonal head bolt
  方头螺栓 square head bolt
  螺柱,双头螺栓 stud bolt
  环头螺检 eye bolt
  沉头螺栓 countersunk (head) screw
  地脚螺栓 anchor bolt; foundation bolt
  松紧螺旋扣(花篮螺丝) turnbuckle
  U形螺栓 U-bolt
  T形螺栓 T-bolt
  圆头螺钉 round head bolt
  机螺栓,机螺钉 maehine bolt
  顶开螺栓,顶起螺栓 Jack screw
  自攻螺钉 self tapping screw
  膨胀螺栓 expansion bolt
  粗制的 coarse
  精制的 finished, fine
  螺母 nut
  六角螺母 hexagonal nut
  方螺母 square nut
  蝶形螺母 wing nut
  扁螺母 flat nut
  锁紧螺母 lock nut
  垫圈 washer
  平垫圈 plain washer
  球面垫圈 spherical washer
  弹簧垫圈 spring washer
  方垫圈 square washer
  斜垫圈 slant washer
  销轴 pinned shan
  销 pin
  开口销 cotter pin
  定位销 dowel pin
  带孔销 pin with hole
  圆锥销 taper pin
  铆钉 rivet
  键 key
  
  2.2 螺纹
  
  左螺纹left hand thread
  右螺纹 right hand thread
  管螺纹 pipe thread
  锥管螺纹 taper pipe thread
  直管螺纹straight pipe thread
  梯形螺纹 trapezoid thread
  螺距pitch of thread
  粗牙螺纹coarse thread
  细牙螺纹 fine thread
  特细牙螺纹extra fine thread
  通长螺纹full thread
  惠氏螺纹whitworth thread
  公制螺纹 metric ibread
  美国标准锥管螺纹 American standard taper pipe thread (NPT)
  螺孔 tap
  
  
  3 材料、型钢及填料
  
  3.1 金属材料
  
  3.1.1 黑色金属 Ferrous Metal
  
  碳素钢 carbon steel (CS)
  低碳钢 low-carbon steel
  中碳钢 medium-carbon steel
  高碳钢 high-carbon steel
  普通碳素钢 general carbon steel
  优质碳素钢 high-quality carbon steel
  普通低合金结构钢 general structure low-alloy steel
  合金结构钢 structural alloy steel
  合金钢 alloy steel
  低合金钢 low alloy steel
  中合金钢 medium alloy steel
  高合金钢 high alloy steel
  耐热钢 heat resisting steel
  高强度钢 high strength steel
  复合钢 clad steel
  工具钢 tool steel
  弹簧钢 spring steel
  钼钢 molybdenum steel
  镍钢 nickel steel
  铬钢 chromium steel
  铬钼钢 chrome-molybdenum steel
  铬镍钢 chromium-nickel steel,chrome-nickel steel
  不锈钢 stainless steel (S.S.)
  奥氏体不锈钢 Austenitic stainless steel
  马氏体不锈钢 Martensitic stainless steel
  司特来合金(钨铬钴台金) Stellite
  耐蚀耐热镍基合金 Hastelloy
  铬镍铁合金 inconel
  耐热铬镍铁合金 incoloy
  20合金 20 alloy
  平炉钢(马丁钢) Martin steel
  镇静钢 killed steel
  半镇静钢 semi-killed steel
  沸腾钢 rimmed steel; rimming steel; open-steel
  锻钢 forged steel
  铸钢 cast steel
  铸铁 cast iron (C.I.)
  灰铸铁 grey cast iron
  可锻铸铁 malleable iron (MI)
  球墨铸铁 nodular cast iron; nodular graphite iron
  生铁 pig iron
  熟铁,锻铁 wrought iron
  铸件 casting
  高硅铸铁 high silicon cast iron
  
  3.1.2 镀层及制造方法
  
  渗铬钢,镀铬钢 chromized steel
  镀铬的 chromium-plated, chrome-plated
  镀层 plating
  锻造,型钢 swage
  锻造的,锻造 forging
  轧制 rolling
  热轧 hot rolling
  冷轧 cold rolling
  挤压 extruding
  冷加工 cold working
  热加工 hot working
  拔制 drawing
  
  3.1.3 有色金属Non-ferrous Metal
  
  铝 aluminum
  铜,紫铜 copper
  黄铜 brass
  青铜 bronze
  铝青铜 aluminum bronze
  磷青铜 phosphor bronze
  铝镁合金 aluminum magnesium
  锰青铜 manganese bronze
  蒙乃尔(注:镍及铜合金) Monel
  镍铜台金 nickel copper alloy
  非铁合金 nonferrous alloy
  钛 titanium
  铅 lead
  硬铅 hard lead
  
  3.1.4 材料性能
  
  极限强度 ultimate strength
  抗拉强度 tensile strength
  屈服极限 yield limit
  屈服点 yield point
  延伸率 percentage elongation
  抗压强度 compressive strength
  抗弯强度 bending strength
  弹性极限 elastic limit
  冲击值 impact value
  疲劳极限 fatigue limit
  蠕变极限 creep limit
  持久极限 endurance limit
  布氏硬度 Brinell hardness
  洛氏硬度 Rockwell hardness
  维氏硬度 Vickers diamond hardness, diamond penetrator hardness
  蠕变断裂强度 creep rupture strength
  断面收缩率 reduction of area
  韧性 toughess
  脆性 brittleness
  延性 ductility
  冷脆 cold shortness
  冷流 cold flow
  
  3.2 非金属材料 Non-metallic Material
  
  塑料 plastic
  丙烯腈—丁二烯—苯乙烯 acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)
  聚乙烯 polyethylene (PE)
  聚氯乙烯 polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
  苯乙烯橡胶 styrene-rubber (SR)
  聚丁烯 polybutylene (PB)
  聚丙烯 polypropylene (PP)
  聚苯乙烯 polystyrene (PS)
  氯化聚醚 chlorinated polyether (CPE)
  聚酰胺 polyamide (PA)
  聚碳酸酯 polycarbonate (PC)
  聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯 polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
  醋酸丁酸纤维素cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB)
  氯化聚氯乙烯 chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC)
  聚偏二氟乙烯 polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
  缩醛塑料 acetal plastic
  尼龙塑料 nylon plastic
  聚烯烃 polyolefin (PO)
  石墨酚醛塑料 graphite phenolic plastics
  聚四氟乙烯 polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
  纤维增强热塑性塑料 fiber reinforced thermoplastics
  热塑性塑料 thermoplastic
  热固性塑料 thermosetting plastics
  胶粘剂 adhesive
  溶剂胶接剂 solvent cement
  树脂 resin
  环氧树脂 epoxy, epoxy resin
  聚酯树脂 polyester resin
  聚酯纤维 polyester fibers
  氟塑料 fluoroplastics
  聚氨基甲酸酯 polyurethane
  丙烯酸树脂 acrylic resin
  脲醛树脂 urea resin
  呋哺树脂 furan resin
  乙烯丙烯二烃单体 ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM)
  合成橡胶 synthetic rubber
  橡胶 rubber
  丁腈橡胶 nitrile butadiene rubber
  氯丁橡胶 neoprene
  天然橡胶 natural rubber
  乙丙橡胶 ethylene propylene rubber (EPR)
  玻璃 glass
  硼硅玻璃 borosilicate glass
  耐火砖 fire brick
  陶瓷 ceramic
  搪瓷 porcelain enamel
  木材 wood
  
  3.3 型材
  
  型钢 shaped steel, section steel, swage
  角钢 angle steel
  槽钢 channel
  工字钢 I-beam
  宽缘工字钢或H钢 wide flanged beam
  T型钢 T-bar
  方钢 square bar
  扁钢 flat bar
  角钢 hexagonal steel bar
  圆钢 round steel; rod
  钢带 strap steel
  钢板 plate
  网纹钢板 checkered plate
  腹板(指型钢的立板) web
  翼缘(指型钢的缘) wing
  
  3.4 填料及填料函
  
  填料 packing
  石棉绳 asbestos rope, asbestos cord.
  O形环 O-ring
  自密封 self-sealing
  四氟带 Teflon tap
  带铬镍合金丝的石棉绳 asbestos rope with inconel wire, inconel wire asbestos
  浸聚四氟乙烯的石棉填料 Teflon impregnated asbestos packing
  金属填料 metallic stuffing
  填料箱,填料函 packing box, stuffing box
  填料函压盖 stuffing box gland


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