雅思词汇:过春节必用词汇

Spring Festival Words

  Greeting Season:

  春节 The Spring Festival

  农历 lunar calendar

  正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar

  除夕 New Year's Eve; eve of lunar New Year

  初一 the beginning of New Year

  元宵节 The Lantern Festival

  Food names:

  年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake

  团圆饭 family reunion dinner

  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year's Eve

  饺子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli

  汤圆 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and stuffed with either sweet or

  spicy fillings

  八宝饭 eight treasures rice pudding

  糖果盘 candy tray

  什锦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune

  蜜冬瓜 candied winter melon - growth and good health

  西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity

  金桔 cumquat - prosperity

  糖莲子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come

  糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship

  红枣 red dates - prosperity

  花生糖 peanut candy - sweet

  祝你新的一年快乐幸福 Wish you happiness and prosperity in the coming year!

  Customs:

  过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival

  对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry

  春联 Spring Festival couplets

  剪纸 paper-cuts

  年画 New Year paintings

  买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ; do Spring Festival shopping

  敬酒 propose a toast

  灯笼 lantern: a portable light

  烟花 fireworks

  爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

  红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming

  year.)

  舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck.)

  舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)

  戏曲 traditional opera

  杂耍 variety show; vaudeville

  灯谜 riddles written on lanterns

  灯会 exhibit of lanterns

  守岁 staying-up

  拜年 pay New Year's call; give New Year's greetings; New Year's visit

  禁忌 taboo

  去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune

  祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one's ancestors

  压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift

  辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year

  扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning 


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