词汇:饮食词汇大全

英美菜谱常用分类词汇表

1 烹调方式 Cooking Method

fried... 煎...
deep fried... 炸(干炸)...
quick-fried/stir-fried...(爆)炒...
braised... 炖(烧)...
stewed... 闷(炖、煨)...
steamed...蒸...
smoked... 熏...
roast... 烤...
grilled... 烤...
crisp... 香酥...
spicy... 麻辣...
caramelized... 拔丝...
toffee...拔丝...
dices... ...丁
mashed... ...馅、泥...
in brown sauce 红烧... ...
in soy sauce 酱汁... ...
in hot sauce 干烧... ...
in tomato sauce 茄汁... ...
in black bean sauce 豆瓣... ...
in rice wine 糟溜... ...
with fish flavor 鱼香... ...
with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋... ...
in soup 氽... ...
shreds ...丝 ...
slices ...片 ...
cubes ...块

2 调味品 Condiments

table salt 食盐
sugar 白糖
cheese 奶酪/干酪
vinegar 醋
butter 黄油
pepper 胡椒
soy sauce 酱油
cream 奶油
curry 咖哩
mustard 芥茉
tomato sauce 蕃茄酱
honey 蜂蜜
gravy 肉汁
jam 果酱
cube sugar 方糖
ginger 姜
garlic 大蒜
shallot 大葱
mayonnaise 蛋黄酱
sweet soybean paste 甜面酱

3 汤类 Soup

clear soup/thin soup/consomme 清汤
pottage/thick soup 浓汤
broth 肉汤
beef soup 牛肉汤
tomato soup 西红柿汤
cabbage soup 洋白菜汤
vegetable soup 菜汤
chicken soup 鸡汤
creamed chicken soup 奶油鸡汤
fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤
creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤
beef balls soup 牛肉丸子汤
creamed prawn soup 奶油虾汤
beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤
creamed spinach soup 奶油菠菜汤
hot and sour soup 酸辣汤
minced chicken and corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤
curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤


4 主食 Staple food

中餐主食Chinese Food
rice gruel/porridge 大米粥
millet gruel 小米粥
steamed bun/steamed bread 馒头
steamed twisted roll 花卷
meat pie 馅饼
pancake 煎饼
meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings 包子
dumpling 饺子
wonton/dumpling soup 馄饨
noodles 面条
sichuan style noodles with peppery sauce 担担面
fried noodles 炒面
stretched noodles 拉面
noodles with soup 汤面
noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面
beef noodles 牛肉面
spring roll春卷
rice noodles 米线
sweet dumpling 元宵
egg fried rice 蛋炒饭
deep-fried dough sticks 油条
soybean milk 豆浆
muffin 松糕/饼
cruller 油饼


5 西餐主食Western Food

bread 面包
toast 烤面包/土司
rye bread 黑麦面包
bun 小圆面包
hamburger 汉堡包
bacon cheeseburger 腊肉奶酪汉堡包
sandwich 三明治
tuna sandwich 金枪鱼三明治
hotdog 热狗
biscuits/crackers/cookies 饼干
pancake 烤饼/薄饼
pizza 比萨饼
meat-pie 肉馅饼
barley gruel 大麦粥
oatmeal 燕麦粥
French fries 炸薯条
pudding 布丁
macaroni 通心面
spaghetti 意大利面条


6 主菜 Entrees

西餐主菜Western Entrees
beef steak 牛排
(rare) 半熟的(牛排)
roast beef 烤牛排
(medium-rare) 适中偏生的(牛排)
curry beef 咖哩牛排 (
medium) 适中的(牛排)
real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排
(medium-well done) 适中偏熟的(牛排)
roast veal 烤小牛排
(well done) 熟透的(牛排)
spiced beef 五香牛排
braised beef 焖牛排
roast mutton 烤羊肉
lamb chop 羊排
porp chop 猪排
sliced ham 火腿片
roast turkey 烤火鸡
roast chicken 烤油鸡
curried chicken 咖哩鸡
roast duck 烤鸭
smoked carp 熏鲤鱼
sardine 沙丁鱼
fried fish 炸鱼
fried eggs 煎鸡蛋
boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋
poached eggs 荷包蛋
omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷
pickled cucumber 酸黄瓜
salad 色拉
salad dressing 色拉酱
chicken salad 鸡色拉
French 法式(色拉酱)
vegebable salad 素菜色拉
Italian 意大利式(色拉酱)
ham salad 火腿色拉
Blue cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱)
Russian 俄式(色拉酱)
backed potato 烤土豆
mashed potato 土豆泥


7 中餐主菜Chinese Dishes

bean curb 豆腐
beansprouts 豆芽
steamed chicken 清蒸鸡
braised chicken 焖鸡
Beijing roast duck 北京烤鸭
preserved eggs 松花蛋
braised pork 红烧扣肉
red-cooked pork 红烧肉
sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉
broiled beef slices 烤牛肉片
chop suey 炒杂碎
stir-fried liver 炒猪肝
sweet-and-sour fish 糖醋鱼
meat balls 肉丸子
fried prawns 炸大虾
steamed turtle 炖甲鱼


8 甜点 Dessert

cake蛋糕
cream cake 奶油蛋糕
ice-cream 冰淇淋
pie 馅饼
vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋
shortcake 松饼
chocolate ice-cream 巧克力冰淇淋
tart 果馅饼
strawberry ice-cream 草霉冰淇淋
apple pie 苹果馅饼
ice sucker 冰棍
jello 冰糕
pastry 点心
yam 甜薯
sweet potato 番薯
raisin 葡萄干


9 DRINKS

软饮料非酒精饮料 soft drinks/beverages

coffee 咖啡
black coffee 不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡
decaffeinated coffee 无咖啡因的咖啡
white coffee 牛奶咖啡
coffee with cream and sugar 加奶加糖的咖啡
instant coffee 速溶咖啡
plain coffee 纯咖啡
milk 牛奶 tea 茶
green tea 绿茶
black tea 红茶
jasmine tea 茉莉花茶
tea bags 袋泡茶
yogurt 酸奶
cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐
7-up 七喜
Pepsi Cola 百事可乐
Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐
Sprite 雪碧
fruit juice 水果汁
lemonade 柠檬汁
orangeade 桔子汁
mineral water 矿泉水
soda water 汽水
fresh orange juice 鲜桔子汁
Fruit Punch 水果混合饮料
beer 啤酒
light beer 淡啤酒
draught beer 扎啤


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