《剑桥雅思5》动词同义词汇总

剑5 第一套
Passage 1第二段
compile v.编辑,编纂
write . compile . compose
concentrate v.集中,关注
pay attention . concentrate . concentration . keep your mind on . keep your eyes on . take notice/note . attentive . attention span
convey v.传达,传递
express . convey . communicate . say . get something over . put something into words/find the words to say
第三段
define v.定义……
meaning . sense . significance . definition . connotation . define
circumscribe v.限制,约束
To limit power, rights, or abilities [= restrict]:
conquer v.征服
defeat . overwhelm . annihilate . rout . bring somebody to their knees . conquer
hold back . stifle . suppress . overcome/conquer
第五段
station v.驻扎,静坐
send . pack off . dispatch/despatch . send in . send out . be posted . be stationed
第六段
file v.把文件或资料归档
keep . store . keep something on file . file . keep a record/keep records
rival v.对抗,与……抗衡
competitor . rival . the competition
第八段
ascertain v.确定
check . check out . make sure/make certain . double-check . verify . confirm . ascertain
Passage 2 第一段
obey v.遵守,遵从
obey . comply with . abide by . keep to . stick to the rules . conform to . observe . respect . toe the line . go by the book/do something by the book
第二段
administer v.控制,施加
To manage the work or money of a company or organization
simulate v.模拟
To make or produce something that is not real but has the appearance or feeling of being
real
emit v.释放出,发出……的声音
send out . give out . give off . emit . radiate . cast/throw
make a sound/make a noise . go . with . go off . emit . let out
writhe v.因剧痛而蠕动,扭动身体
fidget . can't keep still . squirm . wriggle . writhe . twitch
denounce v.谴责,指责
voice/express/show etc your disapproval . condemn . denounce . deplore
第三段
unfold v.展开
open . unwrap . unfold . unroll
pose v.带来,提出
ask
balk v.畏缩不前,犹豫
To not want to do or try something, because it seems difficult, unpleasant, or frightening
question v.质疑
question . interrogate . cross-examine . carry out door-to-door inquiries . be helping police with their inquiries
第四段
anticipate v.预测
expect . think . anticipate
第五段
fluster v.使不安,使紧张,使困惑
To make someone nervous and confused by making them hurry or interrupting them:
第六段
discharge v.放电,释放
If a piece of electrical equipment discharges, or if it is discharged, it sends out electricity
evolve v.演变,进化
develop . evolve
第七段
evoke v.引发,引起
remind somebody of . make somebody think of . bring/call to mind . be a reminder . bring back memories/take somebody back . evoke . evocative . come flooding back
第八段
merge v.合并,混合
combine . be a mixture of something and something . bring together . blend . mingle . merge
unite . team up . get together . combine . join forces . come together . amalgamate . merge
surrender v.投降,放弃
admit/accept defeat . give in . surrender . concede
第九段
forgo v.放弃
do without/go without . deny yourself . abstain . forgo
dictate v.听写,控制,指挥
tell . order . ask somebody to do something . demand . insist . dictate
elucidate v.阐明,说明,解释
To explain something that is difficult to understand by providing more information
Passage 3
第二段
starve v.使……挨饿
starving . starve . hungry . not get enough to eat . half-starved . underfed . malnourished
exaggerate v.夸大,夸张
exaggerate . blow something (up) out of all proportion . make too much of . overrated . overemphasize . overstate . be melodramatic . lay it on
associate v.与……相连
link . associate . make a connection . establish a link
be connected/be related . be linked . associated . have/be something to do with . be bound up with something/go hand in hand
cure v.治愈
cure . remedy . antidote
restrict v.限制,约束
limit . restrict . set/impose/put a limit . keep to/keep within . confine . fix
accelerate v.加速,加快
go faster . speed up . pick up/gather speed . accelerate . quicken your pace . gain/gather momentum
第三段
nurture v.培育,形成
nurture . foster
decline v.下降
go down/come down . fall/drop . decrease . decline . reduction . cut . plummet/plunge . taper off . dwindle . slide . take a nosedive
第五段
overstate v.夸大
exaggerate . blow something (up) out of all proportion . make too much of . overrated . overemphasize . overstate . be melodramatic . lay it on
第六段
apply v.适用,应用
apply . claim . request . approach . put in for . applicant . claimant
oppose v.反对
be against/be opposed to . oppose . not agree with something . not believe in something . anti- . hostile . antagonistic
第七段
melt v.融化
melt . dissolve . thaw . melt down . molten . condense . soluble
diminish v.消失,减少
To become or make something become smaller or less [= reduce]:
第十段
experience v.经历
happen to . experience . go through . live through . know
postpone v.推延,延迟
postpone . put off . delay . be pushed/moved/put back . put something on ice/put something on the back burner . procrastinate
第十一段
buy v.买,争取(时间)
buy . get . purchase . snap up . pick up . splash out on . acquire
avoid v.避免
avoid . stay away/keep away . steer clear of . make a detour
剑5 第二套
Passage 1第一段
patent v.申请专利
To obtain a special document giving you the right to make or sell a new invention or product
第二段
mould v.铸造,塑造
form . mould . shape
engineer v.设计,加工
orchestrate . stage-manage . engineer . contrive
revert v.返回
start again . go back to/revert to . slip back into
第四段
abandon v.放弃,抛弃
give up . quit . abandon . drop . leave it at that
amass v.累计,积累
accumulate . amass . gain
manufacture v.制造
make . produce . manufacture . mass-produce . churn out/turn out . create . fashion . build . construct . assemble
第五段
outline v.列举outline . sketch out
第六段
govern v.受……限制
govern . run . rule . be in power . be in government . hold office
extract v.抽取,提取
find out . get something out of . get information . extract . worm something out of . drag something out of
taper v.逐渐变细,变尖
get/grow thinner get narrower . taper
第七段
relish v.欣赏,品味
revel in . get a kick out of . relish . gloat . wallow in . take pleasure in . delight in
despise v.鄙视,轻视
hate . hate somebody's guts . can't stand . detest . loathe . despise . abhor
Passage 2
第一段
tempt v.引发
attract . tempt . seduce
dub v. 称作
call . christen . dub
第二段
rely v.依靠,依赖
To trust or depend on someone or something to do what you need or expect them to do [ reliable, reliance]:
puncture v. 戳破,化解
make a hole in . pierce . puncture . punch . drill a hole
第五段
trigger v. 引发,触发
set off . trigger/spark . precipitate
amuse v. 使愉快,开心
make somebody laugh . crack somebody up . raise a laugh . have somebody in hysterics/stitches . amuse
第七段
track v. 追踪
follow . tail . be/sit on somebody's tail . shadow . track/trail . hound . stalk . stalker
accompany v. 伴随
with . together . along with . come with . accompanying
第八段
tuck v. 隐藏,蜷缩
put . slide . tuck . insert
第十段
milk v. 挤奶,猎取
To take milk from a cow or goat
第十一段
distort v. 扭曲,歪曲
twist . misrepresent . distort . falsify . put words into somebody's mouth . cook the books . rewrite history
Passage 3
第一段
dominate v.统治,在……中拥有重要的位置
dominate . monopolize . monopoly . stranglehold . have total/complete control . hold sway
第二段
renew v.重新开始,使复活,使更新
continue . start again . go on . go back to/return to . resume . take something up again . pick up/take up where you left off . reopen . renew
第三段
adopt v.接受,采纳
adopt . foster . guardian . in care
publicize v.出版
advertise . promote . publicize . market . hype/hype up . plug . sell . push . announce . report
promote v.促进,加强
help . encourage . promote . aid . benefit . advance/further . be conducive to . give something a boost . be favourable for/to
第六段
exploit v.探索
use . exploit . make use of . take advantage of . play on . capitalize on
deposit v.储存,堆积,放置,存放
put . place . leave . abandon . position . plant a bomb/explosives etc . plant . lay . set down . deposit
seal v.盖戳
block up . plug/plug up . seal
restrict v.限制
limit . restrict . set/impose/put a limit . keep to/keep within . confine . fix
第七段
delay v.拖延,延迟
delay . hold-up/holdup . bottleneck
第八段
engage v.参与,参加
To be doing or to become involved in an activity
foster v.促进,加强
promote
第九段
inaugurate v.创立
To open a building or start an organization, event etc for the first time:
第十段
estimate v.估计
guess . estimate . guesswork . speculation . speculative . conjecture
oppose v.反对,抵制
be against/be opposed to . oppose . not agree with something . not believe in something . anti- . hostile . antagonistic
institute v.建立
To introduce or start a system, rule, legal process etc
剑5 第三套
Passage 1
A段
argue v.争辩,坚决主张,认为
argue . quarrel . fight . have a fight . fall out with . be at each other's throats . clash
B段
claim v.宣称,表示
claim . maintain . assert . confirm . testify . swear . certify . insist . protest . deny
expand v.扩充,扩展
get bigger . grow . expand . swell up . stretch
C段
acknowledge v.认可,承认
accept . recognize . acknowledge
observe v.注意到,观察到
notice . can see/can tell . I see . spot . become aware/conscious . catch somebody's eye . detect . note . observe . perceive
launch v.发起,进行
start . begin . get down to . start on . set about/set to work . proceed to do something . settle down to . launch into . embark on/upon . come to/grow to/get to . get cracking
involve v.包括,涵盖,使……参与进来
involve . drag somebody into . bring in
D段
bypass v.绕过……
To go around a town or other busy place rather than through it:
foster v.促进
promote
E段
evaluate v.评估,评价
judge . assess . evaluate . critique
solve v.解决
solve . work out/figure out
F段
perpetuate v.延续,保持
continue/carry on . maintain . perpetuate . keep up . preserve
outline v.罗列,列举
summary . outline . overview . rundown . precis . synopsis
indicate v.表明,暗示
point . indicate . gesture at/towards . point out
Passage 2
A段
erode v.腐蚀,侵蚀
wear away . erode . corrode . rust/rust away
scour v.用力擦洗,冲刷
brush . scrub . sweep . scour
B段
deposit v.沉积,堆积
put in . deposit
accumulate v.累计,聚集
accumulate . build up . pile up . mount up . collect . gather
C段
indicate v.表明,暗示
point . indicate . gesture at/towards . point out
replenish v.补充,添加
refill . replenish . top up
D段
divert v.转移,使转向
not draw attention . draw attention away from . divert/distract attention . put somebody off . keep a low profile
E段
rest v.休息,存留在
rest . take a rest . relax . take a break . lie down . put your feet up . laze . take it easy . chill/chill out
concur v.同意,赞同
agree . be in agreement . be of the same opinion . share the view that . subscribe to . concur
affect v.影响
have an effect . have an impact . affect . take effect . make a difference . impact
stimulate v.刺激,激发
To encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further
upset v.使……不安
upset . hurt . hurt somebody's feelings . distress
F段
devise v.设计,制定出
invent . create . come up with/think up . devise . make up . conceive . dream up . coin
Passage 3
引子
perform v.表演,执行
perform . appear . be in something
A段
vanish v.消失,突然不见
disappear . vanish . become extinct . extinction . die out . cease to exist
ignite v.点燃,引发
set fire to something/set something on fire . light . torch . ignite
B段
launch v.建立,发布
start . launch . open . initiate . spark off . set in motion . get/start/set the ball rolling . get things moving . (let's) get this show on the road
coin v.创造
invent . create . come up with/think up . devise . make up . conceive . dream up . coin
encompass v.包含,涵盖
cover . encompass . embrace . span
capture v.捕捉,占领,再现
capture . round up . take somebody prisoner . recapture
mimic v.模仿
imitate . do an impression/imitation . mimic . a take-off of somebody/something
C段
peak v.达到全盛
To reach the highest point or level:
rear v.培养,养育,培育
To look after a person or animal until they are fully grown [= raise]:
imply v.暗示
suggest . imply . say . implication . undertone
solve v.解决
solve . find/come up with a solution . resolve . put right . cure . remedy . sort out . sort . iron out
materialize v.变为现实
happen . come true . be realized . be fulfilled . materialize
opt v.选择
decide on . settle on . plump for . opt
align v.与……同列,与……结盟
To publicly support a political group, country, or person that you agree with
D段
Characterize v. 描绘,描述……的特征
Describe something/somebody as . characterize somebody/something as . label . portray/represent . depict . paint a pictur
joke v.开玩笑
make a joke/crack a joke . tell a joke . joke . wisecrack
implement v.实施
carry out . execute . implement . put something into practice . deliver the goods/come up with the goods
E段
back v.支持
To support someone or something, especially by giving them money or using your influence
reckon v.认为
think . believe . feel . figure . reckon . consider . regard/see . think of somebody/something as/look on somebody/something as . take the view that/be of the opinion that . be recognized/acknowledged as
spot v.发现
notice . can see/can tell . I see . spot . become aware/conscious . catch somebody's eye . detect . note . observe . perceive
camouflage v.伪装
disguise . camouflage
extract v.提取,抽取
find out . get something out of . get information . extract . worm something out of . drag something out of
F段
boost v.促进,加强
help . encourage . promote . aid . benefit . advance/further . be conducive to . give something a boost . be favourable for/t
differentiate v.区别开
can tell the difference . can tell somebody/something apart . distinguish . differentiate . draw/make a distinction . discriminate
exacerbate v.恶化
make things worse/make it worse . to make matters/things worse . aggravate . exacerbate . compound . to add insult to injury
filter v.过滤
To remove unwanted substances from water, air etc by passing it through a special substance or piece of equipment:
categorize v.将……分类
sort . categorize . classify . be grouped . class . grade
emerge v.开始出现
appear . become visible . come into view/come into sight . come out . emerge . loom/loom up . reappear
G段
Lip- read v. 观察人的嘴唇动作来理解话意
To understand what someone is saying by watching the way their lips move, because you cannot hear them
encapsulate v.涵盖,概括
To express or show something in a short way [= sum up]
transcribe v.记录,用音标记下……的语音
copy . copy out . copy down . transcribe
剑5 第四套
Passage 1
A段
promote v. 促进, 发扬,提拔
help . encourage . promote . aid . benefit . advance/further . be conducive to . give something a boost . be favourable for/to
boom v. 发出)轰轰声
boom/boom out . roar . thunder . blare/blare out . blast/blast out
isolate v. 隔离, 孤立, 绝缘
separate . keep somebody apart . isolate . cut somebody off from . segregate . segregation . apartheid . in quarantine
prevail v. 流行, 盛行, 获胜
win . come out on top . prevail . carry the day . win the day
B段
undermine v. 破坏
spoil . ruin . mess up . undermine . screw up . sabotage . throw a spanner in the works . pour cold water on
associate v. 联系, 交往
link . associate . make a connection . establish a link
be connected/be related . be linked . associated . have/be something to do with . be bound up with something/go hand in hand
fuel v. 加燃料
increase . strengthen . heighten . add to . raise . fuel
C段
ensure v. 保证,确保
make sure/make certain . insure/ensure . see that/see to it that
exploit v. 开拓, 开发
use . take advantage of . exploit . manipulate . can wrap/wind somebody around your little finger
integrate v. 成整体,结合
If two or more things integrate, or if you integrate them, they combine or work together in a way that makes something more effective
demonstrate v. 示范, 证明
prove . show . demonstrate . confirm . support . back up . bear out . substantiate . validate . corroborate
penetrate v. 穿透, 渗透, 刺入
enter . penetrate . seep in . permeate
repatriate v. 遣返
expel . deport . extradite . repatriate . exile/send into exile . banish
Passage 2
第一段
analyze v. 分析, 分解
examine . look carefully/closely . take/have a look at . analyze . study . check . check over . inspect . go through/go over . look over . scrutinize
第二段
insist v.坚持, 强调
To keep doing something, especially something that is inconvenient or annoying:
第三段
disagree v. 不一致, 不赞同
disagree . not agree . not see eye to eye . take issue with . differ . agree to disagree . dissent
consult v.商量, 咨询
ask somebody's advice . seek advice . get/obtain advice . consult
第四段
shelter v. 掩蔽,,躲避
shelter . give somebody shelter/refuge . asylum
第五段
solidify v. 凝固,巩固
harden . solidify . set . freeze . stiffen
exert v. 尽(力), 施加(压力等)
To work very hard and use a lot of physical or mental energy:overcome v. 战胜, 克服
hold back . stifle . suppress . overcome/conquer
第六段
create v. 创造, 产生
invent . create . come up with/think up . devise . make up . conceive . dream up . coin
contain v. 包含, 容纳, 容忍
include . contain . among . range from something to
第八段
expand v.膨胀,扩张,发展
get bigger . grow . expand . swell up . stretch
elapse v.(时间)过去, 消逝
pass/go by . elapse . the passage/passing of time
第十段
scan v. 扫描,浏览,
skim . scan . have a look at
complete v.完成
finish . have done something . complete . get something finished . be through . conclude

Passage 3
第一段
assist v. 援助, 帮助
help . give/lend a hand . assist . do something for . do somebody a favour . help out . do somebody a good turn . do your bit . come to somebody's aid/assistance . give help/assistance/support
第二段
occur v. 发生, 出现
happen . take place . there is . be . occur . come about . crop up . come up . be coming up . turn up . arise . strike
fluctuate v. 变动, 波动
keep changing . vary . fluctuate . be in flux/be in a state of flux
exceed v.超越, 胜过
be more than . exceed . outnumber . be up . pass
impact v. 碰撞, 冲击,影响
have an effect . have an impact . affect . take effect . make a difference . impact
increase v. 增加, 增大
increase . step up . expand . broaden . extend . intensify
differ v.不一致, 不同
different . not like . not the same . vary . differ . contrast with . be a departure from . diverse
第三段
evolve v. 发展,进展,进化
develop . evolve
reserve v. 储备, 保存
reserve/book . reservation . booking
assure v. 断然地说, 确告, 保证
promise . assure . give somebody your word . swear . vow . guarantee . commit to . pledge
第四段
maximize v. 最大值, 最佳化
increase . raise . put up . jack up . push up/drive up/force up . boost . double/triple/quadruple . maximize
ripen v. 成熟
To become ripe or to make something ripe
第五段
delay v.耽搁, 延迟
delay . hold up . set back . get bogged down
remain v. 保持, 逗留, 剩余
left . be left over . remain . survive . be still standing/be left standing . to spare . to go
escape v. 逃脱, 避开
escape . get out . run away/run off . bolt . run for it/make a run for it . flee . make your
escape . take to your heels . break free/break away . bail out
第六段
convert v. 转变, 转换
adapt . modify . convert . customize
第七段
divide v.划分, 分开, 隔开
separate . divide . split . break up . break down . take apart . dismantle . take something to pieces
prevent v.防止, 预防
prevent . stop . keep somebody from doing something . restrain . hold back . get in the way of . discourage . avoid . avert . head off . guard against
survive v.幸免, 幸存
survive . survivor . come through . get through


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