扣分!考官最常看到的雅思写作错误汇总

很多烤鸭都把重点放在了雅思写作的逻辑结构,华丽地道地表达,充分有力的论据上,这些确实需要好好重视。这些都是正面的给你写作加分的地方,但是千万不要忽略了那些小小的错误。很多烤鸭的写作自我感觉写得蛮好,有符合西方的逻辑思维,有着丰富的词汇,但是往往分数就不能超过6,甚至更低。其实,烤鸭们要意识到,雅思写作也是个加加减减的过程,你有亮点就加分,你有低级错误就减分。所以在加分的同时,千万不要让这些减分项目使得自己的加分项目打水漂。

 

扣分!考官最常看到的雅思写作错误汇总图1

 

语法对写作提分具有重要意义,它是雅思写作四项评分标准之一,在大小作文评分中均占25%,来跟着小编来分析我们常见而又容易忽视的雅思写作错误:

1. 主语部分常见错误

1.1动词不能充当句子主语,你脑袋是知道,你的手就是不知道呀

来看例子哈!

Take maternity leave is good for women’s health.

翻译:休产假对女性的健康有好处。

解析:语中句子的主语通常由名词或者具备名词性质的短语,词语或者从句充当。而这个句子中take 是一个动词,不能充当句子的主语。

修改:Taking maternity leave is good for women’s health.

1.2句子不能充当主语

Environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious is an undeniable fact.

解析: environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious是一个句子,而且这里没有任何引导词,比如that这种,不能充当整个句子的主语成分,可以用以下两种改法:

修改:

a. It is an undeniable fact that environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious. (语法现象:It做形式主语,结构:It is +名词+that)

b. That environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious is an undeniable fact.(语法现象:that引导主语从句)

翻译:环境污染变得越来越严重是一个不可否认的事实。

2. 谓语常见的语法错误

2.1 主谓一致问题

例句:To be an irreplaceable employee require people to upgrade skills constantly.

解析:不定式做主语,谓语动词要用单数形式。

修改:To be an irreplaceable employee requires people to upgrade skills constantly.

翻译:要成为一个不可替代的员工需要不断地更新技能。

2. 2 There be 句型

例句:There are many people suffer from poverty in the world.

解析:这里出现了两个谓语,一个是there be句型中be是谓语动词,

一个是suffer,因为一个句子在没有连词的情况下是不能有两个动词的,suffer只能以非谓语的形式出现。

修改:There are many people suffering from poverty in the world.

翻译:世界上有很多人遭受贫困。

2.3 主句缺谓语动词

例句:A current report about a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously which irritates an argument.

解析:这个句子读起来真的好吃力,还有种头重脚轻的感觉,因为的主句里面包含了一个who 引导定语从句(a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously),was是定语从句里的谓语动词。整个句子的主干即主句应该是A current report irritates an argument.其中irritates应该是主句的谓语动词,因此去掉原句中的which.

还有解决头重脚轻的问题,因此修改为:

修改:A current report is about a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously, which irritates an argument.

翻译:最近一个关于14岁男孩因为严重毁坏学校而被强迫清扫街道的报告引起了争议。

3. 连词引导状语从句,化复杂为简单

例句: Shopping centers are increasingly enjoying less popularity. Because people are now used to shopping on line which is considered to be more convenient.

解析:because, while, although, when, if 引导状语从句时,必须连接两个独立的句子,从句需依附于主句存在,因此将because前面的句号改成逗号。

修改:Shopping centers are increasingly enjoying less popularity, because people are now used to shopping on line which is considered to be more convenient.

翻译:购物中心越来越不受青睐,因为人们习惯了更加方便的网购。

4. 固定搭配,你需要知记

4.1 不定式符号to 与介词to的辨别问题

例句: When it comes to boost economy, many developed countries reach goals at the expense of environment.

解析:when it comes to 中to 是介词,而非不定式符号,因此后面需改成ing分词形式。类似的固定搭配有:adjust to适应,attend to处理;照料, belong to属于, refer to参考;指的是…;涉及,contribute to 有助于,促成,stick to坚持,继续,等等,考生平时需多积累这类固定搭配并熟记。

修改:When it comes to boosting economy, many developed countries reach goals at the expense of environment.

翻译:当谈论到推动经济发展,许多发达国家以牺牲环境为代价来实现目标。

5. 逗号不能连接两个句子

例句:Computers make our life more colorful, this is witnessed by everyone.

解析:在英语中,逗号不能连接两个句子,可以用以下方法修改:

修改:

a. Computers make our life more colorful. This is witnessed by everyone.

b. Computers make our life more colorful, and this is witnessed by everyone.

c. Computers make our life more colorful, which is witnessed by everyone.

翻译:所有人见证了,电脑使我们的生活更精彩。

其实,雅思写作中所运用的语法知识基本都是中学所学的那些语法内容,不管你的语言基础有多强或是相对薄弱,都建议先对这些基础语法内容进行系统的复习并且通过多练笔的形式来加强巩固,然后最好找英语基础好的朋友或者专业老师批改,这样可以在考前及时查漏补缺,从而提高雅思写作整体分数。


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