In some countries, many more people are choosing to live alone nowadays than in the past. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
2. 三个不同的答案是可以的：a. 你认为这是积极的影响;b. 你认为这是消极的影响;c. 你认为这既有积极的也有消极的影响。
既可以看作积极的发展，也可以是消极的(both positive and negative consequences in equal measure can be identified in this trend)
a.自己的独立性可以得到很好地锻炼(to train their independence and self-reliance)
b.使房地产机构和建筑行业获得利益(to bring in enormous profits for real state agencies and construction industry)
a. 自己居住可能会面临感情上的孤独感和焦虑(to experience the sense of loneliness, isolation or even anxiety)
b. 同样的，房产市场的需求也会抬高房价，极端情况下会造成房地产泡沫(to push up property prices and rents or even lead to real estate bubbles)
In recent years, it has become far more normal for people to live alone, especially in some metropolitan cities. In my viewpoint, both positive and negative consequences in equal measure can be identified in this trend.
The rise in one-person household can be seen as positive for both individual and broader economic reasons. On an individual level, people are likely to train their independence and self-reliance if they choose to live alone, becoming more self-responsible than those who live with family members. A mature adult living alone, for example, has to take care of him or herself in terms of cleaning, cooking, and managing his or her own budget, and all of those skills are essential for life. Also, from an economic perspective, the tendency of living alone can, in large likelihood, result in surging demand in housing properties. This is, accordingly, very likely to bring in enormous profits for real state agencies and construction industry.
However, the personal and economic arguments given above can be considered from the opposite angle. Firstly, rather than the positive feeling of increased independence, people who live alone may experience the sense of loneliness, isolation or even anxiety. Proper emotional support is inadequate for those people who will also need to undertake all the living expense including various household bills alone and bravely face unexpected emergencies. Secondly, taking financial factors into considerations, soaring demand in housing will push up property prices and rents. In extreme cases, real estate bubbles are one possible consequence, which tend to jeopardise the housing market.
In conclusion, the increasing number of one-person households will have both beneficial and detrimental effects on individuals and on the economy.
Useful Words and Collocations
姚丽,纽卡斯尔大学硕士毕业，中英口笔译专业。曾为芬兰航空等做过交替和同声传译专业英语八级证书，Complete IELTS教学培训证书，British Council培训认证教师。
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